Gandharva Vivah (Love Marriage)
A Gandharva marriage (Sanskrit गन्धर्व विवाह) Love marriage is one of the eight classical types of Hindu marriage. This ancient marriage tradition from the Indian subcontinent was based on mutual attraction between two people, with no rituals, witnesses or family participation.
Gandharva Vivaah: When a man and a woman marry for love and without the consent and participation of their families, that marriage is called Gandharva Vivaah or ‘love marriage in ancient times, people were far beyond the narrow ideas of marriage and marriage, and high and low caste. Gandharva marriage is a vivid example of this. In Manu’s words, Gandharva marriage is a result of mutual love between the girl and the groom.
Marital rites can be completed after intercourse. In this type of marriage, both men and women choose each other according to their wishes and accept each other as husband and wife. In Vatsayan’s Kamasutra, Gandharva marriage is considered an ideal marriage. Due to this, the bride and groom did not mix castes and sub-castes but merits and dispositions and at that time such marriages were socially valid.
Some examples of Gandharva marriage are as follows:
- The mothers of Vyas and Parashar Muni were of another varna. Vyas’s mother was Kevat’s daughter and Parashar’s mother was born to Shwpach (Chandal). – Draupud, Matsya, Yavakrit, Ayu, Dutt, Drona, Karmivan, Shringi Maharshi, Kashyap Muni, all of these were born into clans called lowly. – Vashistha married his grandson to the daughter of Chitramukh Vaishya.
- King Neep was married to the daughter of a Shukracharya Brahmin. – Bhishma’s grandfather Shantanu married Dhiwar (Kevat), Kanya. Matang Rishi’s father Nai Kul’s mother was a Brahmin. – Kshatriya Kanya Padma married Piplad and Lopamudra married Agastya Rishi.
- Vishwamitra had a relationship with Maneka. – Priyavrat’s daughter Urjaswati married Shukracharya. – Shakuntala was married to Dushyant. – Suryavanshi Kanya Renuka was married to Yamadagni Rishi.
There are many examples in Hindu scriptures in which marriages were performed not on the basis of caste equality but on the basis of virtue, karma, and nature. That is why society was organized, organized and established at that time.